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RESEARCH PAPERS

Torsion and Bending Imposed on a New Anterior Cruciate Ligament Prosthesis During Knee Flexion: An Evaluation Method

[+] Author and Article Information
P. Gely, G. Drouin, P. S. Thiry

Ecole Polytechnique, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

G. R. Tremblay

Hôpital Hôtel Dieu, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

J Biomech Eng 106(4), 285-294 (Nov 01, 1984) (10 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3138496 History: Received June 25, 1982; Revised March 20, 1984; Online June 15, 2009

Abstract

A new composite prosthesis was recently proposed for the anterior cruciate ligament. It is implanted in the femur and the tibia through two anchoring channels. Its intra-articular portion, composed of a fiber mesh sheath wrapped around a silicons rubber cylindrical core, reproduces satisfactorily the ligament response in tension. However, the prosthesis does not only undergo elongation. In addition, it is submitted to torsion in its intra-articular portion and bending at its ends. This paper presents a new method to evaluate these two types of deformations throughout a knee flexion by means of a geometric model of the implanted prosthesis. Input data originate from two sources: (i) a three-dimensional anatomic topology of the knee joint in full extension, providing the localization of the prosthesis anchoring channels, and ii) a kinematic model of the knee describing the motion of these anchoring channels during a physiological flexion of the knee joint. The evaluation method is independent of the way input data are obtained. This method, applied to a right cadaveric knee, shows that the orientation of the anchoring channels has a large effect on the extent of torsion and bending applied to the implanted prosthesis throughout a knee flexion, especially on the femoral side. The study suggests also the best choice for the anchoring channel axes orientation.

Copyright © 1984 by ASME
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