An Analytical Technique for Modeling Knee Joint Stiffness—Part I: Ligamentous Forces

[+] Author and Article Information
E. S. Grood, M. S. Hefzy

Giannestras Biomechanics Laboratory, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Cincinnati, College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio 45267

J Biomech Eng 104(4), 330-337 (Nov 01, 1982) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3138367 History: Received November 11, 1981; Revised July 15, 1982; Online June 15, 2009


The purpose of this study is to present an analytical technique to evaluate the nonlinear, coupled stiffness characteristics of the human knee joint. In the present work, a model of the knee is developed which permits the contribution of the ligaments to the nonlinear, coupled stiffness characteristics of the knee to be determined from their nonlinear load-elongation properties, the geometric location of their insertion sites, and the relative position of the femur with respect to the tibia. Calculations with the model are compared to those obtained using Crowninshield, et al. [1] model and experimental data.

Copyright © 1982 by ASME
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