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RESEARCH PAPERS

Some Static Mechanical Properties of the Lumbar Intervertebral Joint, Intact and Injured

[+] Author and Article Information
A. F. Tencer, A. M. Ahmed

Department of Mechanical Engineering, McGill University, Montreal, Canada

D. L. Burke

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The Montreal General Hospital, Montreal, Canada

J Biomech Eng 104(3), 193-201 (Aug 01, 1982) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3138348 History: Received June 15, 1981; Revised March 03, 1982; Online June 15, 2009

Abstract

The in-vitro static load-displacement properties of the intact and the injured human lumber intervertebral joint have been investigated in a loading apparatus which allows entirely unconstrained relative displacement between the joint members. The spatial relative displacement produced by a given load, alone or in combination with another load (preload), were measured using 14 specimens and emphasizing strict control of the secondary variables which are known to affect the results. An attempt has been made to interpret the results in terms of the relative load-bearing roles of the disk, the facets and the posterior ligaments as a function of the type of load. The results indicate that the disk is the major load-bearing element in lateral and anterior (with respect to a fixed superior vertebra) shears, axial compression and flexion, while the facets play a major role in posterior shear and axial torque.

Copyright © 1982 by ASME
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