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RESEARCH PAPERS

Effect of Fixed Axes of Rotation on the Varus-Valgus and Torsional Load-Displacement Characteristics of the In-Vitro Human Knee

[+] Author and Article Information
J. Rastegar

Department of General Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Ill. 61801

R. L. Piziali

Department of Mechanical Engineering, School of Medicine, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif. 94305

D. A. Nagel, D. J. Schurman

Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, School of Medicine, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif. 94305

J Biomech Eng 101(2), 134-140 (May 01, 1979) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3426234 History: Received August 14, 1978; Online October 21, 2010

Abstract

The effects of fixed axes of rotation on the varus-valgus and torsional load-displacement characteristics of the human knee have been determined. The location of the axes of varus-valgus and torsional rotations resulting in minimum resisting loads are also determined, and it is shown that they correspond to minimal coupled load levels. The coupled loads are seen to be sensitive to the location of the axis of rotation. The nonlinear load-displacement data is fitted with a four interval least-squares cubic spline with matching first and second derivatives at nodes. The data from two fresh human knees are presented.

Copyright © 1979 by ASME
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